Ramesh Sachdeva

Common Sleep-Disordered Breathing Syndromes

obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome
obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome

 

Dr. Ramesh Sachdeva lectures on pediatric critical care and sleep medicine as a practicing faculty physician. Throughout his career, Dr. Ramesh Sachdeva has accumulated research experience and supervised the implementation of research studies. Among the subjects he has investigated is sleep-disordered breathing.

Sleep-disordered breathing comprises different aspects of breathing abnormalities. One of these is obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome, or OSAHS. This condition happens when there is partial or complete obstruction of the airways. Common symptoms of OSAHS include daytime somnolence and nocturnal choking.

Another aspect of sleep-disordered breathing is upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS). A patient with this condition experiences excessive and significant airway resistance and esophageal inspiratory pressure. UARS shares some symptoms with OSAHS, such as daytime sleepiness.

Treatment of these sleep-disordered breathing syndromes include CPAP, or continuous positive airway pressure, oral appliances, as well as lifestyle changes for weight loss. Surgery is sometimes undertaken when other treatments fail to improve a patient’s condition.

Medical, Ramesh Sachdeva

Agency of Healthcare Research & Quality – Hospital-Acquired Conditions

 

Agency of Healthcare Research & Quality pic
Agency of Healthcare Research & Quality
Image: ahrq.gov

Dr. Ramesh Sachdeva has served as a physician and health care executive for more than three decades. In addition to his role as associate executive director of the American Academy of Pediatrics, since 2011, Dr. Ramesh Sachdeva has served as the principal investigator for the Agency of Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).

With the goal of acquiring evidence to create safer, higher quality, more accessible health care, the AHRQ works alongside organizations such as the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

One way in which the AHRQ helps disseminate the information gleaned from their research and surveys is through a popular new media form, the infographic. One such infographic outlines the recent decrease of hospital-acquired conditions (HAC). HACs are illnesses patients did not have when admitted to the hospital, but with which they were infected during their stay, such as surgical site infections, pressure ulcers, and adverse drug events.

This survey found that between 2010 and 2014, there was a 17 percent reduction in the number of hospital-acquired conditions – or a total of 2.1 million conditions avoided – resulting in 87,000 preserved lives. This decrease also meant a savings of almost $20 billion in hospital costs.

The full details of this study were compiled in an AHRQ report entitled “Saving Lives and Saving Money: Hospital-Acquired Conditions Update,” which was published in December of 2015.

Medical, Ramesh Sachdeva

Studies Explore the Prevalence of Constipation in Overweight Children

 

Dr. Ramesh Sachdeva
Dr. Ramesh Sachdeva

In 2003, Dr. Ramesh Sachdeva established the Section of Quantitative Health Sciences at the Medical College of Wisconsin Department of Pediatrics. Apart from being its founder, Dr. Ramesh Sachdeva also oversaw several research studies, such as one looking at the presence of constipation in overweight children.

Constipation in children is a common disorder, with symptoms including abdominal pain and infrequent bowel movements. It occurs when the stool fails to pass through the digestive tract immediately, causing the stool to harden. Although cases of pediatric constipation are common, recent studies aim to explore its prevalence in children who are overweight.

Children with a body mass index between 85-95 percentile are considered overweight. In a study conducted at the Department of Pediatrics of UI College of Medicine at Peoria, it was concluded that there is an association between children being overweight and chronic constipation. Between the study and control group, the children who suffered chronic constipation were predominantly male and overweight. However, according to other studies, the relationship between constipation and obesity is affected by factors apart from weight and sex, such as impaired quality of life or nutritional styles.

Although there is no conclusive study on the prevalence of constipation in overweight children, the role of family in the prevention of this condition is deemed significant by researchers.

Medical, Ramesh Sachdeva

AMA Enters into Partnership to Support Diabetes Prevention

 

American Medical Association pic
American Medical Association
Image: ama-assn.org

An experienced pediatric critical care and sleep medicine professional, Dr. Ramesh Sachdeva works at the Medical College of Wisconsin as a professor. In addition, Dr. Ramesh Sachdeva serves as the associate executive director of the American Academy of Pediatrics and maintains a membership with the American Medical Association (AMA).

Recently, the AMA partnered with digital therapeutics firm Omada Health and Intermountain Healthcare to contribute to type 2 diabetes prevention. To do this, Intermountain Healthcare will offer Omada’s Prevent program at its Utah-based facilities.

The current version of the Prevent program leads patients through a 16-week course designed to guide people at risk for type 2 diabetes toward a healthy lifestyle and lower their risk of developing the disease. The AMA will be involved with the implementation of Omada’s program at Intermountain Healthcare and supervise the integration to help Omada meet the needs of providers’ workflows.

The AMA independently operates its own diabetes prevention efforts in the form of its Prevent Diabetes STAT program, with the acronym STAT standing for Screen, Test, Act – Today.

Medical, Ramesh Sachdeva

The AAP Division of Innovation and PEHSU

 

Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Units pic
Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Units
Image: aap.org

Dr. Ramesh Sachdeva serves as associate executive director of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) in Elk Grove Village, Illinois. A physician with nearly 30 years of experience, Dr. Ramesh Sachdeva is responsible for launching the Division of Innovation at AAP.

The Division of Innovation manages the AAP technology and innovation programs funded by state and regional grants. It also oversees the Section on Telehealth Care and the Task Force on Pediatric Practice Change.

One program under the Division of Innovation awning is the Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Units (PEHSU). These units provide informational consults to health professionals and child caregivers on the topic of suspected toxic exposures, the effect of exposure to low-level toxins such as mercury, lead, and pesticides, and how to prevent and manage these medical conditions.

Furthermore, during floods, oil spills, food-related outbreaks, and community hearings, the PEHSU offers guidance regarding child health.

In 2014, AAP formed a partnership with the national Centers for Disease Control and Environmental Protection Agency, becoming the National Program Office-East in support of PEHSU programs. AAP shares oversight of the programs with the American College of Medical Toxicology, which manages the Western office.

Children, Ramesh Sachdeva

#VoteKids Campaign Advocates Children’s Needs for 2016 Election

#VoteKids Campaign  pic
#VoteKids Campaign
Image: aap.org

A practicing pediatrician in pediatric critical care and sleep medicine, Dr. Ramesh Sachdeva possesses over two decades of medical experience and providing instruction to medical students and trainees. Dr. Ramesh Sachdeva also serves as the associate executive director of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), which engages in advocacy efforts for children’s health such as the #VoteKids Get Out the Vote campaign.

The campaign encourages voters to prioritize children’s needs during the 2016 election and become a voice for the promotion of children’s welfare issues. It addresses the stakes at hand for the upcoming election period and focuses on urging elected leaders to invest in programs and policies that offer solutions for issues such as poverty, gun violence, and food scarcity. In the days leading up to the election, the campaign will also continue to highlight key issues that impact children and families and emphasize the need for awareness.

Voters who wish to advocate for children’s needs and health issues can join the campaign by participating in social media activities that include updating their social media picture and sharing the message using the hashtag #VoteKids. Furthermore, the #VoteKids Social Media Toolkit provides a list of facts and statistics for use on Facebook and Twitter. A #VoteKids banner is available on the AAP’s website.

For more details on the #VoteKids Get Out the Vote campaign, visit www.aap.org/en-us/Vote.

Ramesh Sachdeva

Children’s Hospital Association – Pediatric Quality Award

 Children’s Hospital Association (CHA) Image: childrenshospitals.org
Children’s Hospital Association (CHA)
Image: childrenshospitals.org

 

Since 2012, Dr. Ramesh Sachdeva has served as associate executive director of the American Academy of Pediatrics. A medical director, educator, and physician for more than 20 years, Dr. Ramesh Sachdeva also works on many committees and councils, including the Council on Quality for the National Association of Children’s Hospitals and Related Institutions (NACHRI).

The NACHRI is one of the governing bodies in charge of the  Children’s Hospital Association (CHA), which represents more than 200 children’s hospitals in the United States. The association is committed to exemplary care and offers many services and programs relating to quality improvement and measurement.

Hospitals under the association’s aegis are eligible for the Pediatric Quality Award, presented yearly in recognition of superior advances in medical facilities. Award applicants submit quality improvement project reports in one of four categories: clinical care, delivery system transformation, patient safety and harm reduction, and waste reduction or improved efficiency.

The entries are judged on a number of criteria including demonstration of significant improvement in their area of focus, the careful documentation of the project, and the project’s ability to yield similar effects should it be adopted by other institutions. Four category winners are selected for the Pediatric Quality Award, following a two-phase evaluation. The overall winner, selected from the category winners, is announced at the CHA’s annual Quality and Safety Conference. Category winners are also invited to present their projects at the conference.